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MSFD Guiding Improvements in the
Black Sea
Integrated Monitoring System

Romanian Marine Protected Areas

 

ROSCI0269 2 Mai - Vama Veche Marine Reserve


ROSCI0269 2 Mai - Vama Veche Marine Reserve

The reserve comprises a mosaic of Natura 2000 habitat subtypes. It is rich in benthic and pelagic life and a refuge and breeding area for many marine species. It is an important area both due to its biodiversity and location (the southern limit being at the Romania-Bulgaria border). Around the reserve there is a minor anthropogenic impact due to: overdevelopment of human settlements, chaotic tourism, Mangalia shipyard, sand and rock exploitation, illegal wastewater discharges, illegal fishing.


ROSCI0094 Underwater sulphide seeps from Mangalia


ROSCI0094 Underwater sulphide seeps from Mangalia

Although small (approx. 360 ha), this site is a biodiversity hot - spot, harbouring the highest diversity of habitats and species along the Romanian coast. Among them are ecosystem - engineering species like the seagrass Zostera noltii, the perennial brown alga Cystoseira barbata and the lugworm Arenicola marina. Extension of this highly valuable site is envisioned.


ROSCI0273 Cape Tuzla marine area


ROSCI0273 Cape Tuzla marine area

Around Cape Tuzla rocky reefs reach their maximum depth along the Romanian coast (28m). The underwater landscape of the reefs is very diverse, with plateaus, canyons, drop-offs, overhangs and small caves. These diverse microhabitats are inhabited by a diverse marine fauna. The area is severely affected by roadbuilding along the coast, on the beach (massive amounts of clay being dumped into the sea, infilling of small gulfs with earthworks).


ROSCI0197 The submerged beach from Eforie North – Eforie South


ROSCI0197 The submerged beach from Eforie North – Eforie South

Along the southern Romanian coast, only here are still present the hydrodynamic processes and natural habitats specific for an exposed beach. This is the only place at the Romanian shore where the bivalves Donacilla cornea and Donax trunculus still survive today. In the past (years 1950s-60s), Donacilla cornea and Donax trunculus were widespread in the midlittoral and upper infralittoral of sandy beaches from the southern Romanian Black Sea. Due to their environmental requirements (water purity, oxygen concentration, salinity), the simple presence of the two species was an indicator of good water quality. Both species were presumed extinct as reported in the Romanian scientific literature between 1980 and 2000 (the period of progressive eutrophication and ecological decline of the Black Sea), but in 2005 a small extant population was found here (Micu, 2006).


ROSCI0237 Methanogenic submerged structures from Sfantu Gheorghe


ROSCI0237 Methanogenic submerged structures from Sfantu Gheorghe

In present in the NW part of the Black Sea, between depths of 15 and 784 m, the submerged carbonate structures built by bacteria and archaea around methane emissions grow larger beyond the oxic/anoxic interface characteristic for this sea. The importance of the site is due to the existence of the carbonate-cemented sand structures. The anthropogenic pressure on this site is insignificant, due to it being relatively far offshore positioned. Some impacts may occur due to navigation and non-living resources exploration/exploitation in this part of the Black Sea.


ROSCI0066 Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve - marine part


ROSCI0066 Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve - marine part

In present in the NW part of the Black Sea, between depths of 15 and 784 m, the submerged carbonate structures built by bacteria and archaea around methane emissions grow larger beyond the oxic/anoxic interface characteristic for this sea. The importance of the site is due to the existence of the carbonate-cemented sand structures. The anthropogenic pressure on this site is insignificant, due to it being relatively far offshore positioned. Some impacts may occur due to navigation and non-living resources exploration/exploitation in this part of the Black Sea.


ROSCI0281 Cape Aurora and RO0293 Costinesti - 23 August


ROSCI0281 Cape Aurora
RO0293 Costinesti - 23 August

The aim of their designation is to protect some sub-types of 1170-Reef habitat, including 1170-2-Biogenic reefs with Mytilus galloprovincialis, insufficiently covered in the other sites at the Romanian coastline.